1. By saying that “something is,” one refers to some parts of a thing to affirm that it is. This affirmation is always true when parts refer to the same parts, that is to say “something is something.” It is to affirm a whole thing as truth. Shouting “Fire!” accompanied by pointing is to affirm that the thing one points at is fire. But one doesn’t say this to refer to fire as a whole thing, nor to affirm the wholeness of this claim’s truth, but to alert about the dangers of fire. By uttering “Fire!” and pointing at a…

Zsolt David

Writer and critic from Hungary.

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